Dental bonding is a cosmetic treatment that can improve the appearance of your teeth and overall smile. Composite resin is bonded to the teeth to cover up dental imperfections such as discoloration, chips, cracks, gaps, crooked teeth, or to alter the shape and size of teeth.
It is often combined with shaping & contouring (enameloplasty) which involves removing a small amount of enamel to alter the appearance of the teeth. By shaving down sharp or pointy teeth and smoothing out rough edges, you can achieve the perfect aesthetic for your teeth.
Dental bonding is a cheaper alternative to veneers and dental crowns.
Dr. Shaun Williams will perform an oral exam & take x-rays to ensure you have no oral health problems that need to be treated and determine if you’re a good candidate for dental bonding.
We’ll first clean your teeth and match the shade using a shade guide with the composite resin. An acidic etching gel will be applied to your teeth to roughen the surface and encourage adhesion.
Composite resin is applied and molded to the tooth to achieve the desired shape and size.
The resin is cured with UV light to instantly harden.
After the bonding has cured, some additional contouring can be performed to alter the shape or length of the teeth.
Bonded teeth can chip so you should avoid teeth grinding and using your teeth as tools.
We can repair minor chips and cracks with dental bonding but more severe damage may require dental crowns or extraction. To relieve the pain, you can take anti-inflammatory pain medication and apply a cold compress to the area for about 20 minutes at a time.
Rinse your mouth out with warm water and check that you don't have any sharp edges that could cut the inside of your mouth. If you do, you should get to the dentist right away or purchase a temporary dental filling to protect your soft tissue until you can get to the dentist. Stick to soft foods and try not to use the chipped tooth to chew.
If the damage is too severe to be repaired with dental bonding, there are many other restorative options available, such as dental crowns, root canals, or extraction and replacement. If the dental pulp inside of your tooth has become inflamed or infected, you will need to have a root canal or extraction.
However, if you have just damaged the outside structure of the tooth, then a dental crown would be the most protective and durable option to restore the function and appearance of the tooth. If damage is extensive, you may need to have the tooth extracted in which case you can replace the tooth with a dental bridge, partial denture, or dental implant.
Bonding is completely painless and does not require any local anesthesia.